Update from Indonesia: Toxicology Department, Indonesian Research Centre for Veterinary Science (IRCVS), Indonesian Agency for Agricultural Research and Development (IAARD) -Ministry of Agriculture of Indonesia.
The agricultural sector plays an important role in maintaining food sustainability and safety. Therefore, the Ministry of Agriculture of Indonesia has established policies towards Advanced, Independent and Modern agricultural development. In order to implementing food security, increasing added-value and exports, the Ministry of Agriculture has established main programs for agricultural development, including the Super Priority Program including: (1) food estate and farmer corporations (located in Central Kalimantan and North Sumatera Provinces, (2) expansion of new planting areas and IP 400, (3) one thousand fruit villages, (4) Self Sufficiency in consumption sugar, (5) one thousand home-plantation villages, (6) ten thousand of cow villages, (7) agricultural school programs in 34 provinces, 8) agricultural digitization and market place, (9) 2.5 million millennial farmers, (10) apprenticeship for millennial farmers abroad, and (11) enhance export (triple) in 1,000 villages (Gratieks).
As one of the implementing units of IAARD, IRCVS responsible to conduct research and services on animal diseases and food safety of animal products which are inline and supporting the Ministry of Agriculture programs. During 2019-2020, IRCVS has conducted some research activities related to food safety and security such as development of immunochromatography strip for AFB1 and AFM1 detections, immunosensor for aflatoxins detection stability study of enrofloxacin in milk, and depletion study of salbutamol in balinese cattle. Recently, artificial receptors such as molecularly imprinted polymers (MIPs) have been produced to replace biological materials used in the development of new technology to obtain more efficient and effective methods such as MIP-based assay (MINA) for fumonisin. In addition, technologies using an electrochemical sensor also has been developed, such as immunosensor for aflatoxin detection and electrochemical sensor based on MIPs for fumonisin detection.
In addition, during the Covid-19 pandemic, the IRCVS has been providing services for testing of mycotoxins, veterinary drugs and pesticides residues using a range of techniques, and other tests to support diagnosis of animal poisoning cases. For quality assurance of test results, IRCVS has participated in proficiency test programs organized by APTECA, US and Progetto Trieste, Italy, demonstrating reliable and trustworthy analyses. Apart from PT, inter-laboratory comparison has also been conducted with other laboratories under the Ministry of Trade for pesticides residues in forages, feeds, and animal products such as meat and milk.
Food Safety Caravan in Philippines
The Department of Agriculture (DA) through the Office of the Assistant Secretary for Regulation (OASR) conducted a food safety caravan to promote awareness in line with the country’s Food Safety legal framework.
One of the network members delivering a presentation at the caravan.
Network Coordination Meeting in Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia, November 2019
The coordination meeting was held to among others: review work done in the recent past; discuss implementation of pressing and emerging food safety challenges; develop and agree on comprehensive strategies for further collaboration.
The event was attended by 30 participants from 18 countries including representatives from Bangladesh, China PR, Indonesia, Jordan, Lao P.D.R., Lebanon, Malaysia, Mongolia, Myanmar, Pakistan, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Singapore, Sri Lanka, Syrian Arab Republic, Thailand, and Viet Nam. Pakistan Chaired the meeting while Lebanone was a rapportoire.
The group emphasised how countries in the Asia-Pacific region face a common burden of animal disease/pests, have similar farming practices and encounter unsafe levels of contaminants in foods that result in import and export restrictions or the need to adhere to such stringent requirements.
Networking activities undertaken over the last couple of years since the collaboration was initiated, included group training, joint participation in scientific meetings, common methods of analyses, exchange of information and expertise among others.
The collaboration has among others contributed to or resulted in establishment and/or improvement of food safety initiatives in 16 laboratories in the Asia Pacific region. Residue testing laboratories were established in countries such as Jordan, Syria and Papua New Guinea and these are now conducting food tests. More than 10 analytical techniques were accredited, and 7 countries attained or maintained ISO accreditation. More than 15 standard operating procedures developed and shared among the participating countries. Twelve of the participating countries have established or maintained national monitoring programmes for residues and contaminants and a good number of these support not only public health programmes, but also help maintain food exports within the region and beyond. Collaboration has also been built and strengthened with countries helping each other improve their laboratory testing capabilities e.g. Pakistan supporting Papua New Guinea build further confidence in food hazard testing and troubleshooting; Lebanon supporting Jordan in the testing of pesticide residues; Thailand supporting Cambodia and Myanmar etc. regional capability to train other scientists has also been enhanced with more than 5 countries capable of hosting fellowships and scientific visits.
Plans are on course undertaking inter laboratory and proficiency testing studies; more exchange and benchmarking visits; sharing of more methods of analysis, and selected group training, among others.
State Central Veterinary Laboratory (SCVL), Mongolia benchmarks Testing Capabilities of the Veterinary Public Health Laboratory (VPHL), Kuala Lumpur, and other institutions in Malaysia, Nov 2019.
A senior staff member of the SCVL undertook a one-week’s mission to Malaysia to learn more about how counterparts undertake routine testing on food safety and animal diagnostics.
This included a visit to the Department of Veterinary Services (DVS), Ministry of Agriculture and Agro-based Industries (MOA), Putrajaya, where input included presentation and discussion on capability and capacity building of laboratory activities for food hazards and related animal disease/pathogen analysis (including zoonosis); human resource and infrastructural requirements for such laboratories and networking development.
Other tours (and exposures) included VPHL and Central Region Veterinary Laboratory (CRVL), Sepang, Selangor; Veterinary Research Institute (VRI), Ipoh, Perak, and Food Safety and Quality Laboratory (MKKM), Port Klang, Selangor, Ministry of Health (MOH).
Among others, the visitor and host country discussed food safety including food supply for the export and import sectors of both countries and development of joint research work. The two also discussed exchange of laboratory staff and research scientists. The development of cooperation between the two countries at the level of veterinary authorities and at Ministry level were addressed as most feasible to opening market doors for trade of livestock and plant products.
Lebanese institution and Jordan Food and Drug Administration share experience:
A scientist from the Lebanese Atomic Energy Commission undertook and mission to Jordan to support the Contaminants Monitoring Division of the Jordan Food and Drug Administration in their efforts to establish testing capabilities for veterinary drug residues in animal products using state of the art analytical tools including the LC-MS/MS.
Method optimisation and literature related to method validation and application was also shared. Pesticide residue analysis and monitoring were also discussed and experiences shared.
Participation in important conferences on veterinary drug residues and hormones
Following the 8th International Symposium for Veterinary Drug Residues and Hormones organised in 2018 by the Flanders Research Institute for Agriculture, Fisheries and Food (ILVO) and Ghent University’s Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, and attended by network members from Philippines, Laos, Thailand, Mongolia, Indonesia and Sri Lanka, Lebanon, preparations are underway to take part at the 9th Euro Residues conference in May 2020.
Pakistan Supports Papua New Guinea’s Chemistry Laboratory
Early 2019, one of the network institutions, the Nuclear Institute for Agriculture and Biology (NIAB), Pakistan undertook a mission to support a sister institution in Papua New Guinea, the National Agricultural Research Institute (NARI) Chemistry Laboratory, in Port Moresby. The purpose was to: support the analysis of chemical food contaminants using chromatographic techniques and discuss the use of radio receptor assay and stable isotopes in contaminant/residues analysis. Tips on basic maintenance and troubleshooting of chromatographic techniques were also targeted.
Lectures were provided on (among others): Chromatographic Techniques for Analysis of Chemical Contaminants in food; Instrument Trouble shootings: Reasons of instrument problems (e.g. Injection problems, Variable retention times, Low pressure, High pressure, Air trap etc.) and their possible solutions; Wet Chemistry: Sample Preparation/clean-up including Homogenization/Blending, Filtration/ Centrifugation, Concentration/Evaporation, Clean-up with Solid Phase Extraction, QuECHERS; Method Development & Validations; Concepts of Accuracy, Precision, Trueness (Use of Certified Reference Materials), Reproducibility, Repeatability, Limits of detection (LOD), Limits of Quantification (LOQ), Decision Limit (CCα), Detection capability (CCβ).
Others were Radio-receptor Binding Assays taking Antibiotics as example: Principal, Assay performance with CHARM kit, Significance and Applications, Data Calculations and interpretation of results. Critical Control Point (CCP), Method Development and Validations: Accuracy, Precision, Repeatability, Reproducibility, Decision Limit (CCα), Detection Capability (CCβ); and Good Sampling Practices taking Aflatoxins and Pesticides as example and covered: Sampling Methods for chemical contaminants analysis in Animal and Plant derived Food, Sampling Plans, Lots, Sub-lot, Incremental/Aggregate/Laboratory Samples throughout the process chain, Dynamic/Static Sampling, Sample size/frequency, Sample weight.
Hands-on Training on Method Protocol for Determination Caffeine in Carbonated Beverages (as an example) was also Column installation, Purging, Baseline Monitoring for system stability, Sonication of Mobile Phase Filters
Literature both in soft and hard copies was provided on: Residues Analysis for Pesticides, Aflatoxins, Antibiotics, Heavy metals analysis by UHPLC, QuECHERS, Good sampling practices, Legislations; Kavalactones, Caffeine, Vanillin analysis by UHPLC (as per CP requirement).
Regional Training Course on Cost-effective Analysis of Targeted Veterinary Drug Residues and Mycotoxins in Food and Feed, 26-30 August, 2019, Malaysia
Twenty laboratory personnel from Bangladesh, China, Indonesia, Jordan, Malaysia, Oman, Pakistan, Philippines, Singapore, Sri Lanka, Syria, Thailand and Viet Nam benefited from a training held at the Veterinary Public Health Laboratory Sepang, Selangor Malaysia and included among others, lectures, experiment and discussions on LC-MS, LC-MS/MS, and their use in the analysis of veterinary drug residues and mycotoxin Analysis in food and related matrices; review of validation protocols; proper matrix preparation and quality control .
Through this training, valuable experience was gained by all participants. All participants gained knowledge and experience with validation protocols and terminology including how to determine matrix effect, recovery, accuracy and precision, among others. The practical sessions were designed in a way the data could be used to demonstrate the principals learned during the lecture sessions.
The even also provided an additional opportunity to enhance networking among the participants as well as the Veterinary Diagnostic Laboratory, Iowa State University that provided a resource person. Protocols were shared among the participants.
Enhancing regional capabilities in the area of CRMs and PTs for food safety laboratories, Buenos Aires, Argentina, 6–17 May 2019
One of the recommendations arising from an interregional training on MRLs and risk assessment was a discussion and knowledge building in the area of certified reference material (CRMs) and proficiency testing (PTs). Thus, an interregional training on CRMs and PTs was conducted in May 2019 to address itself to the need. The event was held in collaboration with the National Food Safety and Quality Service of Argentina (SENASA) and the Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Industrial (INTI) network was represented by Indonesia
The training covered standards, guides and documents associated with ISO 17034 (requirements for competence of reference material producers) with specific content including reference Materials and Certified Reference Materials; requirements for resources, personnel; subcontracting; the provision of equipment, services and supplies. Relevant facilities and environmental conditions were covered.
Further work was done on technical and production requirements: production planning and control; material handling; storage and processing. Measurement procedures, relevant equipment as well as data integrity and evaluation were addressed.
The participants also looked at assessment of homogeneity a general challenge though more pressing when dealing with mycotoxins; monitoring of stability; critical points in the production and characterization of the CRMs.
The training later covered planning of PTs: design; logistics; responsibilities; subcontracting; production and preparation; handling; and statistical criteria among others.
The participants were finally taken through and enhanced their understanding of: receiving and analyzing PT results; test management and associated QMS requirements. A number of cases studies and examples of PTs in food analysis, including experiences across continents, were shared. The participants further discussed the evaluation of PT suppliers.
Training related to sampling and related statistics as well monitoring plans/programmes
A training on application of statistical principles to food safety laboratories and national monitoring plans/programmes including sampling was held in Amman, Jordan, 16–20 June 2019 and attended by 65 participants from various countries including Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Bangladesh, China, Indonesia, Jordan, Lao PDR, Malaysia, Mongolia, Myanmar, Oman, Pakistan, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Singapore, Sri Lanka, Syrian Arab republic, Thailand, Viet Nam. The training covered a range of topics including: sampling for analysis of pesticide residues; sampling procedures for pesticide residue monitoring for food safety, for field and market samples; sampling of foods for analysis of veterinary drug residues in line with relevant guidelines and regulations; sampling protocols for mycotoxins; sub-sampling etc. Other included: guidelines and regulations for pesticide residue monitoring and control; practical statistics for analysts in veterinary drug residue and including data interpretation; basic and advanced statistics and statistical tools for method development and validation; quality control; field sampling; method development and validation as we all as implications of sampling and monitoring on public health and international trade.
The network members are using the knowledge to enhance the capabilities to implement national programmes for testing residues and contaminants applying principles of sampling and statistics in the laboratory and field.
Training to enhance international standards-setting for residues in foods
Members of the network from Indonesia, Pakistan and Sri Lanka joined several other counterparts from Africa, Latin America and Turkey, Uganda, to benefit from an interregional training course on establishment of maximum residue limits (Pesticide and Veterinary Drugs) and risk assessment in Buenos Aires, Argentina, 25 March‒5 April 2019. The event involving collaboration with the IR-4 Project of the United States Department of Agriculture and Rutgers University, and the National Food Safety and Quality Service of Argentina as well as the IAEA was scheduled over a 2-week’s period focussing on: requirements and the process of establishing Maximum Recommended Residue Limits (MRLs) of pesticide and veterinary drug residues in foods; Supervised pesticide field trials for the generation of pesticide residue data; associated good agricultural practices; trial data analysis, interpretation and reporting. Additional training included on calculation of MRLs for pesticide and veterinary drug residues; adoption of pesticide MRLs in the absence of CODEX pesticide MRLs; minor crop pesticide MRL issues; introduction to radiolabelled and related non-radiolabelled studies required in setting MRLs for veterinary drug residues; Good laboratory practices to support MRL setting. Other areas of training including overview of analytical methods for the determination of residues of veterinary drugs and pesticides in food; data requirements by regulatory authorities for veterinary drug MRLs; regulations and international harmonization, for pharmacologically active veterinary substances and; risk assessment principles, toxicological data requirements for veterinary drug residues.
Experiences from developed and developing countries including Canada, Brazil, USA, India and Kenya were shared.
Regional training course on “Development and validation of analytical method for veterinary drugs and pesticide residues in animal products”, 12–23 November, Philippines
A training course on “Development and validation of analytical method for veterinary drugs and pesticide residues in animal products” was successfully held from 12 to 23 November 2018 at the Bureau of Animal Industry, Quezon City, Philippines. International Atomic Energy Agency’s RAS5078 project funded this regional training course, and it was hosted by the Government of Philippines through the Bureau of Animal Industry and National Meat Inspection Service of Philippines Department of Agriculture. Read more..
Network Members train on analytical techniques for residues in animal products, Quezon City, Philippines, 12‒23 November 2018
Thirty-one laboratory analysts from Bangladesh, Indonesia, Jordan, Lebanon, Malaysia, Mongolia, Oman, Pakistan, Syrian Arab Republic, Thailand, Vietnam and the host Philippines attended a training on testing for testing veterinary drug residues and some pesticides in animal products. This was hosted by the Bureau of Animal Industry.
A number of screening techniques taught included: Charm MRLBLTET2 – Charm MRL Beta-lactam and Tetracycline 2-MinuteTest (ROSA) and Bioeasy 2IN1 BTCef (EU) Beta-lactams+Tetracyclines Rapid Test for Milk; Premitest on meat juice (meat samples); microbial inhibitor tests (Eclipse Farm 3G with e-reader, Charm Cowside II, Charm Blue Yellow II) and two receptor assays [(CharmMRLBLTET2 and Bioeasy 2IN1 BTCef (EU)); with Eclipse Farm 3G and e-reader and SNAPduo SP Plus; ELISA
Additional work included training on basic parameters for validation of analytical methods (HPLC, GC, GC-MS, and LC-MS techniques) based on US FDA validation guidelines, with some information coming from AOAC validation guidelines. Validation topics included accuracy, precision, recovery, repeatability, reproducibility, stability of standards and compound in matrix. Other parameters for an acceptable calibration curve were discussed along with limit of detection and limit of quantification determination methods.
Training to enhance competence of testing laboratories strengthens and expands food safety Asia networking, Bogor,Indonesia, 24-28 September 2018
Thirty-nine laboratory personnel from Azerbaijan, Bangladesh, Georgia, Indonesia, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Lebanon, Malaysia, Mongolia, Oman, Pakistan, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Syrian Arab Republic, Thailand, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan and Vietnam attended this training in Indonesia with a focus on the general requirements for competence of food testing laboratories.
The training was hosted by the Indonesian Research Center for Veterinary Science under Indonesian Agency for Agricultural Research and Development, Ministry of Agriculture. Among others, this aimed at enhancing quality management in food safety laboratories and further strengthening networking. The event facilitated exchange of information, knowledge and expertise given the different levels of capabilities and development. The network was strengthened and expanded as more members have become involved.
Capacity Strengthening at the Public Health Laboratory, Ministry of Health, Bahrain
The laboratory recently received two experts to support a local training aimed at enhancing human resource capabilities and better use of analytical instruments relevant in the testing and monitoring of food contaminants such as pesticide and veterinary drug residues, mycotoxins. The one-week training included among others: effective method development, optimization and validation processes compliant to standards (e.g. ISO/IEC17025:2005) including basic statistical application; cost-effective sample preparation; analytical method development and validation (single/multiple, screening and confirmatory) etc Read More..
Update and Activity report: Thailand Chapter (By Dr. Naraya Ntangsirisap)
Veterinary Public Health Laboratory (VPHL), Bureau of Quality Control of Livestock Products, Department of Livestock Development is one of the Competent Authorities (CA) responsible for providing laboratory services and monitoring the quality and safety of products from animal origins. The Bureau has maintained accreditation and is an active member of the network, hosting group trainings among others. The network benefits from the Bureau's status as an ASEAN Food Reference Laboratory for Veterinary Drug Residues (Detailed update from Thailand).
Call to Submit Papers for the ASEAN-EU Science, Technology & Innovation Days 2017 Europe and Southeast Asia
The SEA-EU-NET 2 project will organize the next ASEAN-EU Science, Technology & Innovation Days (STI Days) on 24-25 April 2017 in Brussels, Belgium as a bi-regional forum for cooperation activities between Europe and Southeast Asia. The conference will include plenary sessions on ASEAN-EU STI cooperation with high-level keynotes, a brokerage session focusing on the Southeast Asia – Europe Joint Funding Scheme for Research and Innovation (Joint Call), as well as a Closing Event of the SEA-EU-NET 2 project (Call for Papers_ASEAN-EU Meeting)
Jordan Food & Drug Administration (JFDA) Takes a First Step to Antimicrobial Residue Analysis
While JFDA has been contributing actively to the country's food safety control system, little was happening on veterinary drug residue analysis. This will change because a national surveillance for antibiotics residues in chicken meat and eggs, has been set up, fulfilling the requirements of a quality infrastructure. Reports Dr. Ghaith Radwan Khaleel Algharibeh, Head of Contaminants Monitoring Division Food lab-Laboratories Directorate and an active membe of the network (Antibiotic Residue Project- Jordan- JFDA)
Improving Food Safety in Bahrain
The Public Health Laboratory has greatly enhanced its capabilities (human resource and instrumentation) for more effective analysis of chemical food contaminants in various matrices. The network provides a platform and opportunity to share the experience with other sister institutions in the region. Read More.. (Analytical capabilities for residues in foods-Bahrain)
Research and Service Functions of the National Institute of Veterinary Research (NIVR), Hanoi, Vietnam
The NIVR, a member of the 'Food Safety Asia' laboratory network, is engaged in scientific research, graduate training, technology transfer, international cooperation and collaboration and consultation services in veterinary and related fields. The NIVR laboratories are equipped with necessary instruments and staffed by trained personnel to carry out molecular, analytical and diagnostic research and services. Read More..
Update on Food Safety Work in Pakistan
Pakistan is capable of producing best food products in taste, aroma, and yield due to its excellent environmental conditions (such as high variation in soil temperature and microflora, intense sunlight and elongated photoperiod etc.). However, to ensure consumer safety of such high-value food items from food contaminants (such as veterinary drug residues and other related chemical compounds) and also meet requirements of international trade, it is important to develop efficient, reliable and affordable analytical strategies for routine and large-scale food monitoring. Read More.. (Pakistan Activity Report 2016-17)
Regional Training Course (RTC) on “Basic Maintenance and Troubleshooting of Food Safety Analytical Instrumentation including Effective Use of Instrument Software”, 20-24 Mar 2017, Singapore
The 1st training course under the IAEA regional Technical Cooperation Project (TCP) RAS/5/078 was successfully organized at the Veterinary Public Health Centre (VPHC), Agri-Food & Veterinary Authority (AVA) of Singapore in Mar 2017. This 5-day training course was focused on "Basic Maintenance and Trouble Shooting of Food Safety Analytical Instrumentation including Effective Use of Instrument Software". Read More.. (Singapore story on the training course RAS 5078 RTC001 2.pdf)
Singapore Hosted Training of IAEA Fellowship and IAEA Scientific Visits from Bangladesh, Oct 2017
In Oct 2017, Veterinary Public Health Centre (VPHC) of AVA Singapore, welcomed Mr Mohammad Jahurul Islam, who was awarded IAEA fellowship from Bangladesh Atomic Energy Commission (BAEC) for training on drug residues analysis, Mr. A.S.M. Saifullah and Mr. Md. Mazibur Rahman from BAEC as well, for IAEA Scientific Visit in the field of Contaminants and Residues in Food and Environment. The BAEC scientists were briefed with lectures on AVA’s food safety programme, as well as an overview of AVA’s food safety laboratories and workflows. Read More..
National Awards for Excellence in Agricultural Research in Sri Lanka
A team of researchers led by Prof. P. Abeynayake from Food Safety & Quality Assurance Laboratory of the University of Peradeniya (FSQAL), Sri Lanka was awarded the 1st place in Livestock and Fisheries Sector of the National Awards for Excellence in Agricultural Research 2017 organized by the Sri Lanka Council for Agricultural Research Policy, Ministry of Agriculture. Read More...
Workshop on Veterinary Drug Analysis in Food and Feed by Veterinary Public Health Laboratory, Malaysia
On April 18th, 2017, Veterinary Public Health Laboratory (VPHL), Department of Veterinary Services Malaysia hosted a full-day workshop entitled Veterinary Drug Analysis in Food and Feed. This workshop was part of the activity of the Technical Working Group for Veterinary Drug Residues under the umbrella of National Food Analysis Committee. It was jointly organized with Waters Malaysia. Read More..
Safer Food: Role of Veterinary Service Department, Malaysia
Department of Veterinary Services operated as Federal and State Veterinary Services (Peninsular) and Veterinary Services of Sabah and Sarawak. DVS is Federal Government agency under the Ministry of Agriculture and Agro-Based Industries, Malaysia. The headquarters is located in Wilayah Persekutuan Putrajaya. The main function of DVS is to control, prevent and eradicate animal disease in order to promote the growth of livestock industry and to provide safe food for consumption.Read More..
Veterinary Drug Residue (VDR) Laboratories of Nuclear Institute for Agriculture & Biology (NIAB) Received ISO/IEC 17025 Accreditation
The Veterinary Drug Residue (VDR) Laboratory of the Nuclear Institute for Agriculture & Biology (NIAB), Pakistan received accreditation under ISO/IEC 17025 standard on April 04, 2017 granted by the Pakistan National Accreditation Council (PNAC). Click here to get the full activity report of Pakistan under the project foryear 2017.
New Residue Laboratory has been Established at the Atomic Energy Commission of Syria
A new laboratory has been established to screen and monitor the residues of veterinary drugs, naturally occurring and synthetic anabolic hormones, and growth promoters in food (e.g., meat, liver, kidney, poultry, fish, milk etc.), blood and feedstuffs. Read More..
ASEAN-EU Science, Technology & Innovation Days 2017
The SEA-EU-NET 2 project organizes the next ASEAN-EU Science, Technology & Innovation Days (STI Days) during 24-25 April 2017 in Brussels, Belgium as a bi-regional forum for cooperation activities between Europe and Southeast Asia. The conference includes plenary sessions on ASEAN-EU STI cooperation with high-level keynotes, a brokerage session focusing on the Southeast Asia – Europe Joint Funding Scheme for Research and Innovation (Joint Call), as well as the Closing Event of the SEA-EU-NET 2 project.
Young researchers from the 10 ASEAN countries are invited to submit papers or posters related to the following scientific topics.